Emergency and Critical Care is a relatively new specialty recognized by the American Board of Veterinary Specialists in 1989—The American College of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care. A Critical Care Specialist-DACVECC (Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care) is a uniquely qualified, multi-disciplinary specialist trained to treat sick patients.
After obtaining a veterinary degree and an internship or similar experience, a Critical Care Specialist participates in three years of intensive training in Emergency and Critical Care. This training is complimented by allied disciplines such as internal medicine, nephrology, surgery, anesthesia, neurology, cardiology and oncology at an approved Residency Program Center. To obtain Board Certification, a multi-day, board examination must be passed. In 2011, there were about 375 DACVECCs in the country.
Traditionally, DACVECCs oversee Emergency Departments and ICUs in veterinary medical teaching hospitals. DACVECCs also act very effectively as hospitalists. Hospitalists are specialists that receive sick patients and provide for their initial and sometimes ongoing critical care while coordinating other Specialists in the comprehensive care of the patient. Human hospitals using Hospitalists and ICUs staffed with Critical Care Specialists have experienced better survival rates and decreased length of hospital stays.
Visit The American College of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care at www.acvecc.org for a description of the program.